Texas Lakes & Reservoirs

History of Reservoir Construction in Texas

Texas map showing river basin outlinesReservoirs are important for providing water supplies, particularly in a state with such variable streamflow.  More than half of the available surface water in the state is from reservoirs (8.9 million acre-feet per year for reservoirs out of a total of 13.3 million acre-feet per year).  Reservoirs are able to capture and store flood-waters for use during times of drought when the rivers are low or dry.  In fact, many of the state's major reservoirs were constructed principally for flood control, with water supply as a secondary benefit.  The history of construction of the state's major reservoirs illustrates that there was a flurry of activity in the 1960s and 1970s, but there has been a dramatic decrease in reservoir construction since that time (see Figure 3.2).

In the 1984 State Water Plan there were 44 reservoirs proposed to meet water supply needs.  In the 2002 State Water Plan, there were eight major and ten minor reservoirs recommended; in the 2007 State Water Plan there are 14 major and two minor reservoirs recommended in this state water plan (see Chapter 10, section 10.2.2).  The slowdown in reservoir construction is due, in part, to the fact that there remain very few viable sites for new major reservoirs, permits are much more difficult to obtain due primarily to environmental concerns, and the cost of construction has gone up faster than the rate of inflation.

Lake Name Basin Name
Lake Abilene Brazos River Basin
Alan Henry Reservoir Brazos River Basin
Alcoa Lake Brazos River Basin
Aquilla Lake Brazos River Basin
Belton Lake Brazos River Basin
Brazoria Reservoir Brazos River Basin
Bryan Utilities Lake Brazos River Basin
Buffalo Spring Lake Brazos River Basin
Camp Creek Lake Brazos River Basin
Cisco Lake Brazos River Basin
Lake Daniel Brazos River Basin
Lake Davis Brazos River Basin
Eagle Nest Lake Brazos River Basin
Lake Fort Phantom Hill Brazos River Basin
Georgetown Lake Brazos River Basin
Gibbons Creek Reservoir Brazos River Basin
Lake Graham Brazos River Basin
Lake Granbury Brazos River Basin
Granger Lake Brazo River Basin
Hubbard Creek Reservoir Brazos River Basin
Kirby Lake Brazos River Basin
Lake Creek Reservoir Brazos River Basin
Lake Leon Brazos River Basin
Lake Limestone Brazos River Basin
Lake Mexia Brazos River Basin
Millers Creek Reservoir Brazos River Basin
Lake Mineral Wells Brazos River Basin
Lake Palo Pinto Brazos River Basin
Lake Pat Cleburne Brazos River Basin
Possum Kingdom Lake Brazos River Basin
Proctor Lake Brazos River Basin
Smithers Lake Brazos River Basin
Somerville Lake Brazos River Basin
Squaw Creek Reservoir Brazos River Basin
Lake Stamford Brazos River Basin
Stillhouse Hollow Lake Brazos River Basin
Lake Sweetwater Brazos River Basin
Tradinghouse Creek Reservoir Brazos River Basin
Twin Oaks Reservoir Brazos River Basin
Waco Lake Brazos River Basin
White River Reservoir Brazos River Basin
Whitney Lake Brazos River Basin
Lake Meredith Canadian River Basin
Palo Duro Reservoir Canadian River Basin
Rita Blanca Lake Canadian River Basin
Lake Austin Colorado River Basin
Ballinger Lake Colorado River Basin
Bastrop Lake Colorado River Basin
Brady Creek Reservoir Colorado River Basin
Lake Brownwood Colorado River Basin
Lake Buchanan Colorado River Basin
Cedar Creek Reservoir Colorado River Basin
Champion Creek Reservoir Colorado River Basin
Lake Clyde Colorado River Basin
Coleman Lake Colorado River Basin
Lake Colorado City Colorado River Basin
E.V. Spence Reservoir Colorado River Basin
Eagle Lake Colorado River Basin
Hords Creek Lake Colorado River Basin
Inks Lake Colorado River Basin
Lake J.B. Thomas Colorado River Basin
Lady Bird Lake Colorado River Basin
Lake Lyndon B. Johnson Colorado River Basin
Lake Marble Falls Colorado River Basin
Mitchell County Reservoir Colorado River Basin
Lake Nasworthy Colorado River Basin
O.C. Fisher Lake Colorado River Basin
O.H. Ivie Reservoir Colorado River Basin
Oak Creek Reservoir Colorado River Basin
Red Draw Reservoir Colorado River Basin
The South Texas Project Electric Generating Station Colorado River Basin
Sulphur Draw Reservoir Colorado River Basin
Lake Travis Colorado River Basin
Twin Buttes Reservoir Colorado River Basin
Lake Walter E. Long Colorado River Basin
Lake Winters Colorado River Basin
Lake Bob Sandlin Cypress River Basin
Caddo Lake Cypress River Basin
Lake Cypress Springs Cypress River Basin
Ellison Creek Reservoir Cypress River Basin
Lake Gilmer Cypress River Basin
Johnson Creek Reservoir Cypress River Basin
Monticello Reservoir Cypress River Basin
Lake O' The Pines Cypress River Basin
Peacock Site 1A Tailings Reservoir Cypress River Basin
Welsh Reservoir Cypress River Basin
Canyon Lake Guadalupe River Basin
Coleto Creek Reservoir Guadalupe River Basin
Lake Dunlap Guadalupe River Basin
Lake Gonzales Guadalupe River Basin
Lake McQueeney Guadalupe River Basin
Lake Texana Lavaca River Basin
Lake Athens Neches River Basin
B.A. Steinhagen Lake Neches River Basin
Lake Jacksonville Neches River Basin
Lake Kurth Neches River Basin
Lake Nacogdoches Neches River Basin
Lake Palestine Neches River Basin
Pinkston Lake Neches River Basin
Sam Rayburn Reservoir Neches River Basin
Lake Striker Neches River Basin
Lake Tyler Neches River Basin
J.D. Murphree Wildlife Impoundments Neches-Trinity River Basin
Choke Canyon Reservoir Nueces River Basin
Lake Corpus Christi Nueces River Basin
Upper Nueces Lake Nueces River Basin
Barney M Davis Cooling Reservoir Nueces-Rio Grande River Basin
Delta Lake Nueces-Rio Grande River Basin
Loma Alta Lake Nueces-Rio Grande River Basin
Lake Arrowhead Red River Basin
Baylor Lake Red River Basin
Bivins Lake Red River Basin
Lake Bonham Red River Basin
Buffalo Lake Red River Basin
Coffee Mill Lake Red River Basin
Lake Crook Red River Basin
Lake Diversion Red River Basin
Electra Lake Red River Basin
Greenbelt Lake Red River Basin
Hubert H. Moss Lake Red River Basin
Lake Kemp Red River Basin
Lake Kickapoo Red River Basin
Lake Mackenzie Red River Basin
Lake Nocona Red River Basin
North Fork Buffalo Creek Reservoir Red River Basin
Olney Lake Red River Basin
Pat Mayse Lake Red River Basin
Randell Lake Red River Basin
Santa Rosa Lake Red River Basin
Lake Texoma Red River Basin
Truscott Brine Lake Red River Basin
Valley Lake Red River Basin
Lake Wichita Red River Basin
Amistad International Reservoir Rio Grande River Basin
Balmorhea Lake Rio Grande River Basin
Lake Casa Blanca Rio Grande River Basin
Falcon International Reservoir Rio Grande River Basin
Imperial Reservoir Rio Grande River Basin
Red Bluff Reservoir Rio Grande River Basin
San Esteban Lake Rio Grande River Basin
Brandy Branch Reservoir Sabine River Basin
Lake Cherokee Sabine River Basin
Lake Fork Reservoir Sabine River Basin
Lake Gladewater Sabine River Basin
Lake Hawkins Sabine River Basin
Lake Holbrook Sabine River Basin
Martin Lake Sabine River Basin
Murvaul Lake Sabine River Basin
Lake Quitman Sabine River Basin
Lake Tawakoni Sabine River Basin
Toledo Bend Reservoir Sabine River Basin
Lake Winnsboro Sabine River Basin
Calaveras Lake San Antonio River Basin
Medina Lake San Antonio River Basin
Olmos Reservoir San Antonio River Basin
Victor Braunig Lake San Antonio River Basin
Addicks Reservoir San Jacinto River Basin
Barker Reservoir San Jacinto River Basin
Lake Conroe San Jacinto River Basin
Lake Houston San Jacinto River Basin
Lewis Creek Reservoir San Jacinto River Basin
Sheldon Reservoir San Jacinto River Basin
Gulf Coast Water Authority Reservoir San Jacinto-Brazos River Basin
Jim Chapman Lake Sulphur River Basin
River Crest Lake Sulphur River Basin
Sulphur Springs Lake Sulphur River Basin
Wright Patman Lake Sulphur River Basin
Lake Amon G. Carter Trinity River Basin
Lake Anahuac Trinity River Basin
Lake Arlington Trinity River Basin
Bardwell Lake Trinity River Basin
Benbrook Lake Trinity River Basin
Lake Bridgeport Trinity River Basin
Cedar Creek Reservoir Trinity River Basin
Eagle Mountain Dam and Lake Trinity River Basin
Fairfield Lake Trinity River Basin
Forest Grove Dam and Reservoir Trinity River Basin
Grapevine Lake and Dam Trinity River Basin
Lake Halbert Trinity River Basin
Houston County Lake Trinity River Basin
Joe Pool Lake Trinity River Basin
Lake Kiowa Trinity River Basin
Lavon Lake Trinity River Basin
Lewisville Lake Trinity River Basin
Lake Livingston Trinity River Basin
Lost Creek Reservoir Trinity River Basin
Mountain Creek Lake Trinity River Basin
Navarro Mills Lake Trinity River Basin
New Terrell City Lake Trinity River Basin
North Lake Trinity River Basin
Lake Ray Hubbard Trinity River Basin
Ray Roberts Lake Trinity River Basin
Richland-Chambers Dam and Reservoir Trinity River Basin
Trinidad Lake Trinity River Basin
Lake Waxahachie Trinity River Basin
Lake Weatherford Trinity River Basin
White Rock Lake Trinity River Basin
Lake Worth Trinity River Basin
Wallisville Lake Trinity River Basin
Cedar Bayou Generating Pond Trinity-San Jacinto River Basin
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