Sparta Aquiferinteractive map

Summary

The Sparta Aquifer is a minor aquifer extending across East and South Texas, parallel to the Gulf of Mexico coastline and about 100 miles inland. Water is contained within a part of the Claiborne Group known as the Sparta Formation, a sand-rich unit interbedded with silt and clay layers and with massive sand beds in the bottom section. The thickness of the formation changes gradually from more than 700 feet at the Sabine River to about 200 feet in South Texas. Freshwater saturated thickness averages about 120 feet.

In outcrop areas and for a few miles in the subsurface, the water is usually fresh, with an average concentration of 300 milligrams per liter of total dissolved solids; however, water quality deteriorates with depth (below about 2,000 feet), where groundwater has an average concentration of 800 milligrams per liter of total dissolved solids. Excess iron concentrations are common throughout the aquifer.

Water from the aquifer is predominantly used for domestic and livestock purposes, and its quality has not been significantly impacted by pumping. Elkhart Creek Springs originates from the Sparta Sand in Houston County and flows at a rate of as much as 3.4 cubic feet per second. In some areas, such as in Houston and Brazos counties, the aquifer is used for municipal, industrial, and irrigation purposes. No significant water level declines have been detected throughout the aquifer in wells measured by the TWDB.

Reports

ID Date Type Description
HA-05 1/1/1997 Hydrologic atlas Water Quality in the Sparta Aquifer
GMA11_DFC_01 4/13/2010 DFC submission Desired future conditions for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, Sparta, and Yegua-Jackson aquifers
GMA12_DFC_01 8/11/2010 DFC submission Desired future conditions for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, Sparta, Yegua-Jackson, and Brazos River Alluvium aquifers
GMA13_DFC_01 4/9/2010 DFC submission Desired future conditions for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers
B-6310 12/1/1973 Groundwater bulletin Reconnaissance Investigation of the Ground-Water Resources of the Brazos River Basin, Texas
R-186 9/1/1974 TWDB numbered report Ground-Water Resources of Grimes County, Texas
R-185 9/1/1974 TWDB numbered report Ground-Water Resources of Brazos and Burleson Counties, Texas
R-327 2/1/1991 TWDB numbered report Evaluation of Ground Water Resources in the Vicinity of the Cities of Henderson, Jacksonville, Kilgore, Lufkin, Nacogdoches, Rusk, and Tyler in East Texas
B-5710 7/1/1957 Groundwater bulletin Ground-Water Geology of Wilson County, Texas
R-004 11/1/1965 TWDB numbered report Ground-Water Resources of Gonzales County, Texas
B-6513 5/1/1965 Groundwater bulletin Availability and Quality of Ground Water in Leon County, Texas
R-150 8/1/1972 TWDB numbered report Ground-Water Conditions in Anderson, Cherokee, Freestone, and Henderson Counties, Texas
R-109 3/1/1970 TWDB numbered report Ground-Water Resources of Bastrop County, Texas
R-020 3/1/1966 TWDB numbered report Ground-Water Resources of Lee County, Texas
R-018 3/1/1966 TWDB numbered report Ground-Water Resources of Houston County, Texas
R-037 1/1/1967 TWDB numbered report Ground-Water Resources of Sabine and San Augustine Counties, Texas
R-110 3/1/1970 TWDB numbered report Ground-Water Conditions in Angelina and Nacogdoches Counties, Texas
R-032 12/1/1966 TWDB numbered report Ground-Water Resources of Atascosa and Frio Counties, Texas
R-026 8/1/1966 TWDB numbered report Base-Flow Studies, Big Elkhart and Little Elkhart Creeks, Trinity River Basin, Texas: Quantity and Quality, September 15-16, 1965
R-056 8/1/1967 TWDB numbered report Availability and Quality of Ground Water in Fayette County, Texas
GMA14_DFC_01 8/25/2010 DFC submission Desired future conditions for the Gulf Coast, Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, Sparta, Yegua-Jackson, and River Alluvium aquifers
GT10-020 11/22/2010 GAM task Depth to aquifer layers for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in McMullen County
GR10-029_MP 1/4/2011 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Post Oak Savannah GCD
GT10-009 9/3/2010 GAM task Predictive simulations for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, Sparta, and Yegua-Jackson aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 11
GR10-024_MP 8/18/2010 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Wintergarden GCD
GT10-024 7/16/2010 GAM task Analysis of pumping information for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 12
GR10-015_MP 6/15/2010 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Evergreen UWCD
GR10-014_MP 6/9/2010 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Lost Pines GCD
GR10-013_MP 10/4/2011 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Brazos Valley GCD
GR09-034 6/29/2010 GAM run Predictive simulations for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR09-021_MP 7/31/2009 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Neches & Trinity Valleys GCD
GR09-020_MP 8/6/2009 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Rusk County GCD
GR09-004 6/29/2010 GAM run Predictive simulations for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR08-089_MP 5/20/2009 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Lost Pines GCD
GR08-087_MP 5/8/2009 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Bluebonnet GCD
GR08-077_MP 2/25/2009 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Mid-East Texas GCD
GR08-073_MP 12/9/2008 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Brazos Valley GCD
GR08-071_MP 10/3/2008 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Neches & Trinity Valleys GCD
GR08-062_MP 9/3/2008 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Evergreen UWCD
GR08-050_MP 7/16/2008 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Panola County GCD
GR08-049_MP 7/7/2008 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Pineywoods GCD
GR08-043 9/19/2008 GAM run Predictive simulation for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR08-043_CM 9/29/2008 GAM run Average drawdowns by county for GAM Runs 08-41, 08-42, and 08-43 in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR08-042 9/12/2008 GAM run Predictive simulation for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR08-041 9/17/2008 GAM run Predictive simulation for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR08-038_MP 5/30/2008 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Pecan Valley GCD
GR08-035_MP 5/29/2008 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Fayette County GCD
GR08-002_MP 4/10/2008 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for McMullen GCD
GR08-001_MP 3/10/2008 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Bee GCD
GR07-025_MP 9/6/2007 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Guadalupe GCD
GR07-020 9/28/2007 GAM run Predictive simulation for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 11
GR07-017 9/28/2007 GAM run Predictive simulation for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR07-016 6/26/2007 GAM run Predictive simulation for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR07-007_MP 4/3/2007 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Anderson County UWCD
GR06-029 1/11/2007 GAM run Predictive simulation for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR06-029_CM 11/8/2011 GAM run Average drawdowns for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers based on the analysis completed in GAM Run 06-029
GR06-024_MP 1/3/2007 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Pineywoods GCD
GR06-019 9/7/2006 GAM run Predictive simulation for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Fayette County GCD
GR06-018_MP 8/2/2006 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Plum Creek Conservation District
GR06-009 5/31/2006 GAM run Predictive simulation for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Mid-East Texas GCD
GR05-036_MP 11/28/2005 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for McMullen GCD
GR05-034_MP 9/8/2005 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Wintergarden GCD
GR05-028 7/20/2005 GAM run Recharge information for the Queen City and Sparta aquifers in Dimmit, La Salle, and Zavala counties
GR05-028_Add 7/25/2005 GAM run Water budget information for the Queen City and Sparta aquifers in Dimmit, La Salle, and Zavala counties
GR05-022 6/3/2005 GAM run Water level information for the Gulf Coast, Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Live Oak County
GR05-020 7/19/2005 GAM run Recharge information for the Queen City and Sparta aquifers in Rusk County GCD
GR05-018 4/29/2005 GAM run Water budget information for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Bee, Live Oak, and McMullen counties
GR05-005 3/31/2005 GAM run Post Oak Savannah GCD, water budget, water levels, drawdown through 2050, 2002 State Water Plan pumping summary, and interaction with the Brazos River Alluvium Aquifer
GR03-017 8/18/2003 GAM run Recharge and total sorage data for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, Sparta, and Gulf Coast aquifers in Fayette County GCD
GR08-023 8/29/2008 GAM run Predictive simulation for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 11
GR11-007 6/12/2012 GAM run Estimated drawdown under assumed future pumping for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR11-007_Add 6/12/2012 GAM run Drawdown maps and water budget for GAM run 11-007
GR09-034_Add 6/27/2012 GAM run Predictive simulations for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GR12-011_MP 6/25/2012 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for McMullen GCD
GR10-046_MAG 7/9/2012 GAM run - MAG Modeled available groundwater for the Sparta Aquifer in Groundwater Management Area 12
GR11-010 7/30/2012 GAM run Predictive simulations for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 11
GR10-012_MAG 8/2/2012 GAM run - MAG Modeled available groundwater for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, and Sparta aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
R-380 7/1/2011 TWDB numbered report Aquifers of Texas
GR10-054_MAG_Ver2 2/18/2011 GAM run - MAG Modeled available groundwater for the Sparta Aquifer in Groundwater Management Area 14
GR10-016_MAG_Ver2 6/7/2012 GAM run - MAG Modeled available groundwater for the Carrizo-Wilcox, Queen City, Sparta, and Yegua-Jackson aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 11
GR08-022_MP_Ver2 8/14/2008 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan information for Gonzales County UWCD
GR13-002_MP 3/21/2013 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan data for Fayette County GCD
GR13-014_MP 6/25/2013 GAM run - Management Plan Management Plan data for Gonzales County UWCD
GR13-013_MP 7/3/2013 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan data for Neches & Trinity Valleys GCD
GR13-003_MP 7/26/2013 GAM run - Management Plan Management Plan Data for Pineywoods GCD
GR13-024_MP 8/28/2013 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan data for Mid-East Texas GCD
GR13-028_MP 8/30/2013 GAM run - Management Plan Management plan data for Bluebonnet GCD
GT13-036_TERS_Ver2 7/15/2013 GAM task - Total Estimated Recoverable Storage Total Estimated Recoverable Storage for aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 13
GT13-038_TERS 1/15/2014 GAM task - Total Estimated Recoverable Storage Total Estimated Recoverable Storage for aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 15
GR14-005_MP 3/26/2014 GAM run - Management Plan Management Plan data for Brazos Valley GCD
GT13-034_TERS 4/2/2014 GAM task - Total Estimated Recoverable Storage Total Estimated Recoverable Storage for aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 11
GT13-035_TERS_Ver2 5/16/2014 GAM task - Total Estimated Recoverable Storage Total Estimated Recoverable Storage for aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 12
GT13-037_TERS 6/9/2014 GAM task - Total Estimated Recoverable Storage Total Estimated Recoverable Storage for aquifers in Groundwater Management Area 14