Groundwater Management Areas

Groundwater Management Areas were created "in order to provide for the conservation, preservation, protection, recharging, and prevention of waste of the groundwater, and of groundwater reservoirs or their subdivisions, and to control subsidence caused by withdrawal of water from those groundwater reservoirs or their subdivisions, consistent with the objectives of Section 59, Article XVI, Texas Constitution, groundwater management areas may be created..." (Texas Water Code §35.001) Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 933, §2, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.

The responsibility for Groundwater Management Area delineation was delegated to the Texas Water Development Board. (Section 35.004, Chapter 35, Title 2, Texas Water Code)

The initial Groundwater Management Area delineations were adopted on December 15, 2002, and are modified as necessary according to agency rules. (356.21, TWDB Rules)

There are 16 groundwater management areas in Texas. All groundwater conservation districts are part of at least one groundwater management area. Click below for more information on each groundwater management area:

Map of Groundwater Management Areas

General Groundwater Publications

ID Date Type Description
2012 SWP 1/5/2012 General Interest 2012 State Water Plan
R-380 7/1/2011 TWDB numbered report Aquifers of Texas
R-361 6/1/2004 TWDB numbered report Conference Proceedings: 100 Years of Rule of Capture: From East to Groundwater Management
R-189 3/1/1975 TWDB numbered report Major and Historical Springs of Texas
R-379 7/1/2011 TWDB numbered report Changes in Water Levels in Texas, 1995-2005
R-347 8/1/2001 TWDB numbered report Surveys of Irrigation in Texas - 1958, 1964, 1969, 1974, 1979, 1984, 1989. 1994 and 2000.
HA-07 1/1/1996 Hydrologic atlas Areas Experiencing Significant Groundwater Decline, 1985-1995
B-5914 12/1/1959 Groundwater bulletin A Study of Droughts in Texas
TWC-89-01 3/1/1989 General Interest Ground Water Quality of Texas - An Overview of Natural and Man-Affected Conditions
LP-192 12/1/1983 Limited Publication Climatic Atlas of Texas
USGS Open File Report 2005-1270 1/1/2005 General Interest Bibliography of Ground-Water References for All 254 Counties in Texas, 1886-2001